Publication Authorship Criteria

Although journal editors do not always agree among themselves on what constitutes authorship, many of them subscribe to the guidance from the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE), also known as the Vancouver group. Since Ciencia is a member of the Philippine Association of Medical Journal Editors (PAMJE), and subsequently a member of ICMJE, this set of criteria for authors is being adopted by Ciencia:

To be considered as an author in a submitted research article one must:

have made substantial contributions to conception and design, or acquisition of data, or analysis and interpretation of data;

have been involved in drafting the manuscript or revising it critically for important intellectual content;

have given final approval of the version to be published. Each author should have participated sufficiently in the work to take public responsibility for appropriate portions of the content; and

have agreed to be accountable for all aspects of the work in ensuring that questions related to the accuracy or integrity of any part of the work are appropriately investigated and resolved.

In the case of theses and dissertations, the advisers may opt to be part of the authorship. However, the student as the main/first author has the authority to decide who will be the co-authors, to include those who have imparted intellectual knowledge to the paper. Statisticians, panel evaluators and subject teachers may be part of the authorship but decision will depend critically on the first author’s discretion based on their substantial contribution to the writing of the manuscript.

Generally speaking, the most sought-after position is the first. The first named author is therefore held to have made the greatest contribution to the research. Sometimes, significance is attached to being the last named author. Authors have often given the last place to a senior team member who contributed expertise and guidance. This is consistent with the ICMJE criteria if this person was involved in study design, the interpretation of the data, and critically reviewed the publication. This is also applicable to advisers in the thesis or dissertation of the students (Research Writing and Journal Publication Guide, 2018).



Role of the Corresponding Author


The following are the responsibilities of the corresponding author:

  • ensure that the identified authors have agreed to publish this work and to check the correctness of the names and the order of authors;
  • communicate with the reviewer before and after the review and publication;
  • clarify and provide transparency concerning referencing or the methodology (i.e. instruments, software, and supplemental supporting data);
  • provide disclosures and declarations pertaining to data assurance from all authors.

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